What is the difference between private law and public law?

It is usual for jurists to always proceed by distinction. The first legal distinction that exists is that of private and public law.

This distinction, although obvious and easy for jurists, may seem difficult to apprehend for the "layman".

The law evolves and divides into branches. The private and public law branches are the first branches of law.

First of all, it is necessary to specify the interest of such a distinction. This allows for two independent rights with rules specific to each and different jurisdictions. Thus in private law, the competent judge will be the judicial judge and the administrative judge for the public right.

Let's try to see it more clearly, by focusing first on private law.

Private law.

The origin of private law goes back to Roman law, like much of our law. Private law governs all relations between private persons, whether physical or moral.
Private law is divided into many branches, for example, social law, business law, civil law, matrimonial law.

Public law.

Public law governs relations between public persons and between private and public persons. It may be interesting to give examples of public people. They are, for example, a local authority, a municipal library, a university, or even the state.
Public law is divided into different branches as well, including administrative law, constitutional law, and tax law.

You no longer have excuses to confuse the public and private law.

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