Maria Montessori Education Method | Principles , Explanation

montessori education maria montessori school kids playing lego


You often hear about the Montessori curriculum or Montessori classroom of the Italian physician: Maria Montessori. But have no idea😔 . That's why you'll discover here The Montessori method principles and the Montessori method in teaching the child to read, write and calculate!


One of Maria Montessori's best quotes ever:


I differed with my colleagues in my belief that mental disability is at the basis of an educational problem rather than a medical problem.



In order to share with you multiple steps to raise your Child using the Montessori method at home, and using the learning by playing method we will discover this statement, which represents the essence and core of the Montessori curriculum, which we will try to highlight in this article, first to begin with an identification card on Montessori, and then we move on to try to capture all aspects of its educational curriculum, which can only be described as being distinct.



1 - Who is Maria Montessori?




Dr. Maria Montessori is a well-known school and educator internationally. She enjoyed a strong personality, and she is also the first Italian doctor to follow the scientific method in education, so she used to achieve this with observation, experiments and scientific research based on the study of children's development and the mechanism of their education.



Maria Montessori was born in the town of Chiaravali in the province of Ancona, central Italy, in 1870 AD, she was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times for having passed away in the Netherlands in 1952. She was interested in studying the work of the two doctors, Jean Ettard and Edward Seguan, who were famous for their work on handicapped children. She was also influenced by the work of Johann Heinrich Pustlotzi and Freddy Fruble, as well as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who demands the return of the child to the arms of nature. For Montessori to adopt the idea of raising a child according to his inclinations to develop him spiritually, intellectually and dynamically through a set of activities that meet his needs and develop his capabilities within specialized institutions and in accordance with specific educational specifications and goals.








After that, Maria established a school for the disabled named Ortofrenka and worked as its director for two years, during which she applied the principles of Seguan in raising children with mental disabilities, to achieve a great success that led her to discover that there are major errors in the methods and methods of teaching the normal children, Montessori says her famous saying:



While people admired the success of my students with special needs, I was very surprised and surprised that the normal children remained in that poor level of education.



Therefore, I concluded that the methods that worked with the handicapped, if used with ordinary children, would undoubtedly be a great success, so that it would be determined to study the matter in all its aspects.




2- Montessori Curriculum principles:




Montessori followed the scientific method to monitor the biological system of children's development with the aim of designing an educational curriculum that takes into account the individual capabilities and particularities of each child.


In this context, it is necessary to refer to the Montessori rule, which says: “The external system helps in building the internal system.” This rule is applied in the chapters by preparing educational tools according to educational topics, and organizing the tools according to the sequence of their presentation from easy to difficult and from symbol to abstract.



Education according to the Montessori educational method should be effective, supportive and directed to the nature of the child, using a simple system of education and avoiding the accumulation of information, indoctrination, and preservation, because the child must get to know the world around him through his senses.



In other words, in a nutshell, it can be said that the Montessori curriculum is an educational curriculum based on an educational philosophy that takes the principle that every child carries within him the person who will be in the future, an approach that emphasizes the need for the educational process to focus on developing the child’s personality in an integrative way in psychological aspects and Mental, spiritual, and physical movement, to help him develop his creativity and ability to solve problems and develop critical thinking and time management capabilities and other things



montessori chilcare classroom meaning




3- Key points in the Montessori Curriculum:




📌 These, if we wish to say, ideas may summarize some of the features of the Montessori educational curriculum:




  • Ensuring the freedom of children to choose and move, not direct imitation.

  • Through the prepared environment, we have control over what the child learns.

  • The teacher's role is manifested in non-interference and in leading towards learning.

  • due to the educational tools, the kid can interact with knowledge through his own senses.

  • Maintaining the child's interest in encouraging him and providing him with information about the main points so that he can know what to do.





4- Maria Montessori's books:




The child in the family

To Educate the HumanPotential 1948

The Discovery of the child

The Secret of Childhood 1936

From childhood to adolescence.

The guide in educating the young.

Education for a New World 1946

Education for peace.

The Absorbent Mind, 1949.

The Montessori Method, 1912




5- Montessori Classroom:


goal setting succes education



It is worth noting that the learning environment according to the Montessori method is based on six principles: structural freedom, order, realism (nature), beauty, the general atmosphere, and community life. Thus, the teaching rooms in the Montessori system take into account these points, and accordingly, they are very simple, all their contents are suitable for the child's age, there is no blackboard and no books, the learner is the axis and not the teacher, and he has freedom of expression and the exercise of all his activities.


Learning starts from the age of three, learning to write and read and doses of science and mathematics according to the child's age and degree of assimilation, as the principle of education in the Montessori curriculum depends on the child's mental age and not his biological age.



On this approach, Montessori established a school for the disabled and applied the principles of Seguan in the education of people with mental disabilities, and it succeeded with great success, which led it to believe that there are major errors in the methods and methods of education used in the education of ordinary children.


The success of Montessori is due to her concern with two basic goals, the first of which is a “biological” goal which is to help the child to natural growth, and the other is a “social” goal and is to help the child to adapt to the environment in which he lives by training his senses.




6-Conclusion




The essence of Dr. Maria Montessori's idea depends on teaching the child the skills of listening, speaking, writing and reading and crystallizes in the following phrase: To create favorable conditions for the child early in line with his capabilities and ability so that in all respects he is prepared to accept the types of education that are provided to him, in addition to that Montessori was glorifying The process of observation and experimentation and making adjustments thereto in order to achieve the desired benefit.




This is what Maria Montessori did in teaching writing, which precedes reading in her system. I noticed children writing and carefully examining the movements of their fingers and hands, and then I analyzed the many skills involved in the writing process and how the child's fingers hold the writing instrument and its movements are precise movements to draw the shape of the letter required and thus designed carefully and carefully A set of training and educational tools that, after the child has trained, will enable him to master the required muscle movements and reconcile them with vision and thinking, which makes him ready for the active writing process.

No comments

Powered by Blogger.